However, upon delving further into the psychological, social and cultural aspects of reading fiction, I’ve come across fascinating research to suggest otherwise.
“Bookworms versus nerds: Exposure to fiction versus non-fiction, divergent associations with social ability, and the simulation of fictional social worlds” (2006) is a paper compiled by psychologists including Raymond A. Mar and Keith Oatley. They’ve done some fascinating research into the effects of reading on the brain, and this is no exception.
Bookworms versus nerds in the social realm
In simple terms, the research in the “Bookworms versus nerds” paper suggests that while frequent readers are often stereotyped as socially awkward, this may in fact only be true of non-fiction readers.
How could this possibly be true?
Fiction readers enter into the world of characters in a way that parallels social interaction in the real world. This allows them to bolster or maintain their social abilities in a way that non-fiction readers generally cannot.
What’s the evidence?
Well, participants were examined on how much fiction and non-fiction they had been exposed to over a lifetime, alongside their performance on empathy/social-acumen measures.
Also, participants with a tendency to become absorbed in a story – an inherent part of fiction – also predicted their empathy scores. You might say that the age, intelligence and level of English might sway results, but these were all controlled.
Let’s keep our fiction intake topped up
You might like to try some of the feel-good, mood-boosting novels I’ve selected for summer, or think about what bookworm friends of yours have recently enjoyed.